Architecture is a discipline that is constantly evolving and 2023 will be no exception. In recent years, we have seen how technologies and materials have enabled architects to create more sustainable, efficient and aesthetically appealing buildings. In 2023, we expect these trends to continue and we expect to see some exciting innovations in the world of architecture.
Technology, along with architecture, has been responsible for transforming the way we live, work and interact. In 2023, we expect to see greater use of sensors, cameras and other smart devices to monitor and optimise the performance of buildings, equipping them with smart lighting and ventilation systems to improve air quality and reduce energy consumption.
The advantages of these smart buildings are:
Reducing energy consumption and boosting efficiency: with the integration of smart sensors at multiple locations in the building itself, energy consumption in lighting and temperature control systems can be considered to be significantly reduced, operating only when necessary. This maximises the efficiency of the building’s resources, reducing both electricity bills and the building’s carbon footprint.
Access to better insights and visualisation with big data: these buildings are constantly collecting large amounts of data. With this information, smart technologies identify trends and uncover opportunities for building optimisation, allowing managers to make informed, data-driven decisions regarding the structure.
Predictive maintenance: A building’s systems can have invisible failures from time to time that may go unnoticed and cause a major defect in the future. Smart technologies in a building enable the detection of these errors, detail why they occurred and help prioritise the problems to be fixed first.
Better use of space: smart buildings are designed to make the experience of their inhabitants more pleasant and seamless. Since 2020, these spaces are considered capable of raising standards and complying with health and safety regulations, all while maintaining their cost-effectiveness.
Sustainability will remain a key concern in architecture in 2023, and we expect to see greater use of renewable and recycled materials in building construction. Some of the most commonly used sustainable materials in architecture are:
- Wood: experts claim that its environmental impact is minimal, not only in its production process, but also in its life cycle. To this must be added the savings in terms of heating and air conditioning, thanks, among other things, to its insulating nature.
- Cellulose: is an interesting insulator made from waste paper. Given its low thermal conductivity, it is perfect for balancing temperatures inside the home, as well as being an excellent acoustic insulator.
- Earthenware: thanks to its production process based on clay heated to below 950º and with natural treatments to conserve its properties, including hygroscopicity, insulation, low radioactivity and good thermal inertia, it has a multitude of applications.
- Bamboo: its high resistance, ecological nature and the fact that it is renewable make it an option to keep in mind.
- Self-repairing concrete: despite the longevity of traditional concrete (more than a hundred years) and its resistance, this type of cladding seeks to put an end to the so-called programmed obsolescence. To this end, its composition includes microcapsules that break to repair it in the event of internal cracks. In fact, thanks to this condition, experts estimate that its useful life can be multiplied by two to five times.
- Synthetic shingles: made from recycled plastics and limestone, they are a more economical and sustainable option than traditional shingles and are available in a multitude of models and colours that insulate to perfection. Moreover, once their useful life is over (more than half a century), they can be recycled again.
Buildings that can produce their own energy and water are becoming increasingly popular, and by 2023 we expect to see more buildings using renewable energy technologies such as solar panels, wind turbines and rainwater harvesting systems. Not only are these buildings more sustainable, but they can also save money in the long run by reducing energy and water costs.
10 keys to making a building self-sufficient:
- Reducir la superficie de pérdida
- Alto nivel de aislamiento térmico
- Evitar puentes térmicos
- Hermético al aire en el interior
- Perfiles de marcos aislados
- Vidrio triple
- Ventilación inteligente
- Bomba de calor
- Generar tu propia energía sostenible
Bioclimatic design refers to the practice of designing buildings that make the best use of local climatic conditions. In 2023, we expect to see greater use of this technique in architecture, such as the orientation of buildings to maximise sunlight and shade, natural ventilation and the selection of building materials that are resistant to local climatic conditions.
Modular buildings are constructed from prefabricated modules that are assembled on site, which can speed up the construction process and reduce costs. By 2023, we expect to see greater use of modular buildings around the world, especially in areas where affordable and quick housing solutions are needed.
Since the so-called ‘International Style’ canonised the use of straight lines, curved forms have been relegated to organic or experimental projects. However, now, thanks to innovation in materials and systems (façades, cladding, finishes, glass and joinery, etc.) curved lines are becoming increasingly popular in contemporary architecture. This boom will also be present in other decorative elements such as sofas, tables, rugs, lamps…, with the aim of adding design to any room and achieving a modern, timeless and original look.
Minimalist architecture is also an important trend in interior design for 2023. Warm minimalism is characterised by combining minimalist elements with warm and cosy touches, such as soft textiles and natural wood furniture.
Mixing warm and cold tones
In terms of decoration, the trend in 2023 will be to play more and more with warm and cool colours. Beiges, browns and off-whites bring warmth and, with touches of blue or green, decoration will become more sober and elegant.
These are just some of the trends we can expect to see in architecture in 2023. With the rapid advancement of technology and the growing awareness of sustainability, we are likely to see many more exciting innovations in the coming years.